The Groundhog, also known as a Woodchuck is a member of the squirrel family.
Groundhogs are found in open pastures, woodlots, fields, ditches, and roadsides.
During early spring, groundhogs are most active during the warm parts of the day. However, during the warmer spring and summer months, the day is spent in their cool burrows and feeding occurs during the very early morning and at dusk.
Groundhogs begin hibernation mid October and emerge in February.
Their burrow system is located about 2-4 feet underground and may extend 15-25 feet horizontally.
In residential areas they may be found beneath homes, patios, under decks, garages and stored lumber.
Groundhogs construct burrows and eat a broad range of vegetation. An adult consumes between 1-1/2 lbs. of vegetation a day.
Groundhogs weigh between 4-14 pounds,and are stocky, giving the appearance of crouching close to the ground as it moves around.
Preventing and Controlling Woodchuck / Ground Hog Damage
Groundhogs may be controlled in three ways:
Fumigation is most practical when there are several groundhogs present in the den. As gaseous cartridge such as the Giant Destroyer would be recommended.
These cardboard cylinders can be ignited and placed in the burrow system. Also, since sparks may occur, these cartridges should not be used inside, under buildings or near combustible items.
Fumigation is more effective when the soil is damp (spring and fall) that when the soil is dry.
Using a trap such as the Raccoon Sized Traps
The groundhog live trap should be set in the trail immediately in front of the burrow main entrance and baited with apple slices, carrots or lettuce.
Stones, logs,or twigs placed (funneled ) between the burrow opening and the trap would aid in funneling the animal into the trap.
Where legal and safe.