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CLOTH MOTHS: WEBBING CLOTH MOTHS

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PANTRY PEST:

General information: Pantry pests

Damage by Pantry pests

Recommended Control Measures for Pantry Pests: Moths and Beetles

Confused Flour Beetle and Red Flour Beetles

Cigarette and Drugstore Beetles

Sawtoothed Grain Beetle and Merchant Grain Beetles

Mediterranean Flour Moth

Indian Meal Moth

Identification:  Differences Between Beetles and Moths 

FABRIC PEST:

General information: Fabric pests:Moths and Beetles

Recommended Control Measures for Fabric Pests: Moths and Beetles

Casemaking Clothes Moth

Webbing Clothes Moth

Black Carpet Beetles:

Furniture Carpet Beetles:

Varied Carpet Beetles:

 

 
Pest Control Products

 Pest Information


If you have any questions, e-mail us
or call: 1-800-476-3368

 

 

Webbing Clothes Moth

Description:
Adult moths are 1/2-inch long from wing tip to wing tip; when the wings are folded, the insect is about 1/4-inch long. The wings and body are buff/golden except for reddish hairs on top of the head.
The antennae are darker than the rest of the body, and the eyes are black/ The larvae are 1/2-inch long when mature.
They are small caterpillars that are a clear to creamy-white color with a light brown head capsule.

Biology:
The females carefully place their eggs deep in the mesh of the infested fabric by attaching the eggs with a glue they secrete. Each female lays 40 to 50 eggs which hatch in four days to three weeks.
The newly-emerged larvae begin to feed immediately.
They often spin silken tunnels or mats, incorporating fragments of the textile being infested and bits of feces into its construction.
The larvae molt five to 45 times, depending on conditions, taking from 35 days to two years to finish development.
They eventually spin a silken cocoon in which they pupate.
Adults live for approximately two weeks.

Habits:
Webbing clothes moth larvae feed on clothes, carpets, rugs, upholstered furniture, felt, animal hair, and stored wool.
They especially like to feed on soiled materials.
Adults have nonfunctional mouthparts and do not feed.
These moths are the most common clothes moth found in the United States.
Adult webbing clothes moths are seldom seen because they void light.

Damage done:

Nap of wool eaten away in spots if lightly damaged; holes completely through the fabric if infestation is extensive.
Larvae may be present in the tubes.
If fur, hair are cut at the base, exposing the hide and causing loose hair.
Fixed silken tubes, sometimes carrying frass(shavings), often the color of the cloth.
Fecal pellets are bun-shaped.

FABRIC PEST INSPECTIONS AND CONTROL MEASURES: 

Beetles and Moths

An excellent trap for clothes moths is the:
X LURE CLOTH MOTH TRAP with a pheromone to attract the adult

Inspection:

  • A complete inspection is necessary before beginning any control measures.
    Fabric pests like cloth moths are sometimes confused with pantry pest moths. They are close in size and appearance. Many times an infestation can start in a grain or meal product, but cloth moths will travel to your closet areas to infest the preferred source of woolens, ect.
    Pantry moths will stay in the pantry areas.

  • It is important to remember that adults to not cause the damage, but the larvae do.The presence of adults in an area,
    doesn't mean that larvae are nearby, in that they may have laid their eggs in another room, and the adults are randomly moving around.

  • The adults like to fly towards light.
    The larvae of both clothes moths and the beetles prefer to feed in secluded, hidden places.

  • Using a flash light and a small spatula may be necessary to seek out the larvae.
    The larvae may be found in dark clothes in closets, furs, woolens, and carpet bits, or other material in storage.

  • They can also be found in lint and animal hair found under baseboards, edges of carpeting, under upholstered furniture, under edges of carpets, in air ducts, and occasionally in stored products in the pantry like cereals.

  • The use of a knife blade or spatula will help examine the lint closely for live larvae or cast skins.

    It is important to consider natural sources when making an inspection, such as woolens.

  • Larvae are often attracted to soiled fabrics (such as clothing soiled with body oil or perspiration) and cracks and crevices where lint, food crumbs or dead insects accumulate.
    Carpet beetle larvae may also feed on stored cereals, dry pet food and wool piano felts.

  • Carpet beetle infestations are more likely to be discovered because of the damage they do, not because large populations are being found.

  • Although larva and adults are easily killed, eggs and pupa are not.

  • Look for articles of woolen clothing which may have been stored and neglected, and check the premises for old furniture and rugs which may be a source of a continuing infestation.


  • Other important areas of concern may be include sites which represent the natural habitat of these insects. Sparrow, starling, or other bird nests, inside or outside of the premises, are common points of origin.
    Bird nests in fireplaces and attics can be common sites.
    Wasp nests which are found under eaves and in attics are also common sources of carpet beetle and clothes moth infestations.


  • Another source of food material for carpet beetle and clothes moth larvae is accumulations of animal hair which may be found quite often in homes where pets are kept.
    Shed hair may accumulate in heating ducts, beneath furniture, or in hard-to-clean corners.
    These loose tangles of hair may be sufficient to sustain a small population of fabric pests
    for a long period of time, even in places where all wool products might have been treated.




    Prevention and Sanitation:

  • Prevention is important in fabric pest.

  • It is important to frequently and thoroughly vacuum carpet and upholstery, and dry clean susceptible clothing such as the woolens.

  • To not store discarded garments, fur or animal pelts, old wool rugs, feather pillows, or such vulnerable fabrics for long.
    Soiled fabrics such as synthetic fibers can also be attacked by these insects.

  • Other potential sites can be dried flower arrangements, or decorative items with "seeds" in them.

  • Baseboards, behind door casings,under heat radiators, and inside furnace or air conditioning registers should be cleaned with a vacuum cleaner.

  • In garment bags or storage boxes , moth balls would work fine.
    Moth balls( napthalene )can work as continuous repellent, but most be in a stored, sealed container.
    Recommended rates for PDB are 1.0-1.25 lb. active ingredient per 100 cu. ft. of storage space.
    Cedar chests or cedar closets don't work well, because a sufficiently tight seal is rarely maintained.
    Cold vaults for garment storage would be effective for valuable furs.






    Control Measures:

A complete inspection of the closets and other areas is the first order of business.
The soiled garments, particularly woolens need to be dry cleaned or laundered.


  • After the inspection, critical areas should receive the special attention.
    The insecticides will kill exposed adults and larvae.
    In carpets, it would be around the baseboards.
    In furniture it would be around the buttons, zippers and seams.

     

  • After vacuuming cracks and crevices in the closets , an aerosol with a crack and crevice tip such as PERMA DUST OR INTRUDER can be sprayed in the cracks and crevices.

    A residual insecticide such as DEMAND SC or PERMA DUST would be a good choice for spot treatments.

    Infested rugs, carpets, and furniture should be cleaned thoroughly and protected with a residual insecticide application. A recommended residual insecticide would be DEMAND SC

    Sensitive items, such as museum pieces, wall mountings, furs, taxidermy mounts, etc., might require vaults fumigation or treatment with temperature control.

    Major pest control companies do have chambers for this type of control.

  • Always keep pets and children off the wet surface until it dries.

  • Prevention is the best control.

  • Thorough vacuum cleaning of rugs and furniture removes lint and pet hair as well as some of the larvae.
  • Stored clothing should be kept in tightly closed containers.
  • Sensitive items, such as museum pieces, wall mountings, furs, taxidermy mounts, etc., might require vaults fumigation or treatment with temperature control. Major pest control companies do have chambers for this type of control.

    An excellent trap for clothes moths is the:
    X LURE CLOTH MOTH TRAP with a pheromone to attract the adult moths.
  • Please make sure that they are cloth moths traps before using.