The Brown-Banded Cockroach (Supella longipalpa) is often confused with the German Roach , but its habits are different.
Picture: University of Nebraska, Department of Entomology
- They are often brought in dwellings in furniture. Commonly found in the southern states, but may be found in warmer parts of buildings in the northern states.
- Found only indoors.
- They may be found throughout the building, especially in high areas such as picture frames and ceilings.
Life Stages of Brown-Banded Roaches
Brown-Banded Cockroach Identification
They are light brown, about 1/2 inch long. The pronotum is a black bell-shaped pattern with a translucent border. They have two light, irregular bands along with their wings. The wings extend the full length for males and extend 2/3 length for females. Both sexes have wings, but only the male Brown-Banded roach flies.
The German Roach has two dark, distinctive bands behind their heads as shown in the picture above.
Cockroaches (left–right): American, Oriental, German and Brown-Banded (Photo by Jim Kalisch, UNL Dept. of Entomology)
They eat starchy materials, wallpaper, glue, paste, stamps, and envelopes.
As scavengers, they will eat almost anything organic such as decaying matter. They eat non-food items like nylon stockings that have residues from body oils and skin. Both the German roach and Brown-banded roach are dependent on the human habitat for survival.
Habits and Biology of Brown-Banded Cockroaches
The female will only carry the egg capsule for one or two days, then attach it to a protected surface. Each capsule contains 14-18 eggs, the young reach maturity in about 160 days. You can find these light brown egg capsules usually under or to the sides of a surface, well-protected.
They don't require the same moisture resources as the German Roach, so they are commonly found in furniture, or on the walls and ceilings. They have a nickname of "furniture roach" because they inhabit furniture. They have a preference for high resting places with many eggs deposited on the upper third of the walls. They are not as widely found in the kitchen and bathrooms, as the German Roach, but can be located near refrigerator motors and other major appliances. Adults are very active indoors; the adult males fly when they are disturbed.
Both the nymph and adult of this roach will jump when disturbed. They prefer dry and warm places and may be scattered throughout the building. These roaches are most active during the night; they avoid light during the daytime. The Brown-Banded roach is common in institutional buildings. They are more common in homes, hotels, apartments, and hospital rooms than in kitchens, restaurants, and stores. They carry disease-causing bacteria.
How You Get Brown-Banded Roaches
These roaches are brought in from infested furniture, appliances, electronics, and some grocery items. Once inside, they seek shelter in dark recessed areas and spread throughout the building. In the cooler northern states, you may find them in the warmer parts of the building.
- Look beneath tables and chairs, dressers, and chests.
- Look behind pictures, along with picture moldings.
- Look in closets
- Look on the ceilings and upper walls of cabinets, pantries, and closets.
- Look near motors of refrigerators and other appliances.
- Look in light switches.
Prevention and Exclusion
Kitchen: Wipe up liquid spills in the kitchen and remove oil and crumbs from the counter tops and floors.
Inspect: Inspect furniture before brought into the building.
Garbage: Keep a tight lid on the garbage cans and or put in a sealed container.
Seal Up Entry Points: Occasionally, the Brown-Banded roach will enter a structure to inhabit. Seal up any cracks and crevices and around doors and windows, utility lines, and plumbing.
Recommendations for Brown Banded Roach Control
Before application of the recommended insect roach baits and insect growth regulators it is important to inspect for their activity. A thorough inspection would be required, as they are not restricted to moisture needs in the kitchens and bathrooms. They are more commonly found in other rooms inside the house.
- As with the German Roach a good quality roach bait would be recommended for the Brown-Banded Cockroach.
- Follow the same recommended guidelines as the German Roach, but application would most likely not be restricted to mainly kitchens and bathrooms for German roach control..
- The Brown-Banded and the German Roach are the most challenging of roaches to manage and eliminate. To accurately and completely eliminate these roaches you need to attack them from several tools using baits, dusts, growth regulators and pheromone traps.
- The technology of the pest control market has switched to an integrated pest management like baiting ,dusting, and the use of insect growth regulators and pheromone traps against the German or Brown-Banded roach, as opposed to just using a residual or contact insecticide either in an aerosol form or liquid form.
- The products we recommend have not had a resistant problem.
- As an addition to bait and IGR placement where you see these roaches inside, you may want to spray a general residual perimeter treatment with a product like Lambdastar UltraCap 9.7. Most of the time, these roaches are brought into your home, but sometimes they can enter seeking shelter from the outside.
Recommended Products: Baits, Aerosols, Insect Growth Regulators (IGR'S) and Roach Traps
Vendetta Roach Bait Cockroach Bait Gel has both proven to be extremely effective on German Roaches and Brown-Banded Roaches. Vendetta roach bait quickly and effectively kills hard-to-kill cockroaches. Vendetta roach bait, with Abamectin B1 0.05%, attracts both bait-averse and non-averse cockroaches.
This kit combines the Vendetta Roach bait with Tekko Pro IGR for the best combination for German Roach and Brown-Banded Roach Control. Killing the adult population and preventing new births.
Invict Gold Cockroach Bait Gel has also proven to be extremely effective on Brown-Banded Roaches and German Roaches.
Alpine Cockroach Gel Bait in a piston can. This can is the best of both worlds, the convenience of spraying, but in a gel bait form. Contains the reduced risk insecticide Dinotefuran. It is free of the Big 8 Allergens
Invict Gold, Alpine, Advion and Vendetta Roach baits have roach bait gel acceptance and are superior to other professional roach baits on the market with some very quick results.
Click Here for more: Cockroach Baits
Before treating any areas it is best to first take a flashlight and check these types of areas for nesting sites. You will be looking for their excrement droppings(looks like black pepper).
You may also want to use a aerosol with pryethrin like CB-80 , sprayed to "flush-out" roaches out of these harbouring places. These pyrethin aerosols will kill on contact, and serve you to find out where the German Cockroaches or Brown Banded Cockroaches are nesting. Once you have determined where the roaches are nesting, it may be easier to know where to apply the Vendetta or Invict gel bait.
Insect Growth Regulators - IGR'S
Insect Growth Regulators are used to break the life cycle of the roaches. Tekko Pro is the top recommendation.
Comes in 4 oz and 16 oz containers. 1 pint 16 gallons. Mix 1 oz of Tekko Pro per gallon of water, per 1,500 square feet.
Gentrol IGR Liquid Concentrate is an insect growth regulator.
Comes in 1 oz bottles/10 bottles per box
Each bottle makes one gallon of finished product
Gentrol IGR Aerosol : Dissipating foam/spray assures complete coverage. 16 oz. can cover 1200 sq.ft of surface area.
All the benefits of an insect growth regulator in a discreet, non-spray formulation.
Catches roaches by pheomones and a food scent.The 330 has been designed with 3 entry points, a silicone surface to prevent escapes and a low profile to fit into small, tight corners.
Catches roaches by pheomones and a food scent.
The M 327 has multiple access points, two catch areas, and patented roach pheromone attractant provide twice the trapping power and catch of the leading competitive monitors